Community planning provides the framework for local politicians, citizens and other stakeholders to play a role in creating communities that contribute to residents’ overall quality of life. Municipalities establish the vision, goals and direction for the future development of their communities through the policies of the Official Plan, which must be consistent with Provincial land use policy direction. (e.g. the Provincial Policy Statement). Community planning in Ontario strives for development that sustains the financial well-being of municipalities over of the long term; accommodates an appropriate range and mix of residential, employment, institutional, recreational and other uses to meet long term needs; avoids development that may cause environmental or public safety concerns; and minimizes land consumption and servicing costs.
Most land use decisions also involve consultation with the public, agencies and other stakeholders to obtain their input before a final decision on a matter is made.